Contraception (birth control) prevents pregnancy by interfering with the normal process of ovulation, fertilization, and implantation. There are different kinds of birth control that act at different points in the process. Sometimes birth control fails because of inaccuracy or lack of consistency in use. Dr. Norris and his team believe that the right fit is important and realizes that no one form is right for everyone. His team can provide counseling to women and their partners about the proper use of birth control for maximum safety and effectiveness.
What does contraception do?
Once a month a woman’s body begins the process that can potentially lead to pregnancy. An egg (ovum) matures, the mucus changes to be more inviting to sperm, and the lining of the uterus grows. There are different kinds of birth control that act at different points in the process. Each method has its own side effects and risks. Some methods are more reliable than others. These include:
- Hormonal methods: These use medications (hormones) to prevent ovulation. Hormonal methods include birth control pills, the patch and the vaginal ring, also Depo Provera injections, medicated intrauterine devices and Nexplanon-an implant that goes under the skin.
- Barrier methods: These methods work by preventing the sperm from getting to and fertilizing the egg. Barrier methods include male condom and female condom, diaphragm, and cervical cap. The condom is the only form of birth control that also protects against sexually transmitted diseases , including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS).
- Spermicides: These medications kill sperm on contact. Most spermicides contain nonoxynyl-9. Spermicides work best in women over the age of 35.
- Intrauterine devices (IUDs): These devices are inserted into the uterus, where they stay from three to ten years. An IUD prevents sperm from fertilizing the egg.
- Tubal ligation: This is a permanent form of contraception for women. That closes each tube permanently. Dr. Norris can do this in the comfort and privacy of his office.
- Vasectomy: This medical procedure is a the male form of sterilization and should be considered permanent and is equivalent to the tubal ligation
Unfortunately, there is no perfect form of birth control however consistent use will result in more effectiveness and less chance of unwanted pregnancy.